Internet क्या है | What is Internet in Hindi ? 50 MCQs

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What is internet in hindi
Internet क्या है | What is Internet in Hindi ? 50 MCQs

What is Internet?

In Our Daily Life We All Know Now a day’s Internet is overcome in our daily life ad society. And hence therefore it is simply incalculable. But technically speaking, the internet is actually a network of many smaller networks (also said networks of networks) that exist all over the world.

Or In Other Words A Computer Networks Is a Group of interconnected computer  to share resources and communication to other .

A Computer that is not connected to networks is known as Stand-Alone Computer. So If Someone asks Question What is Stand-Alone Computer? or Define the terms of Stand-Alone Computer. You Can Simply Answer The Question.

A computer connected to network is known as A workstation Or a Node Or a Host. (Node Is a computer that can communicate with each other freely and each computer in a network is called a node).

Topic Cover

  1. What is Internet ?
  2. Introduction To Internet ?
  3. World Wide Web (WWW)
  4. Internet Terminology
  5. Web Servers
  6. Web Site
  7. Web Pages
  8. Web Browser
  9. Blogs
  10. URLs/Web Address
  11. Protocols
  12. News Groups
  13. HTML

Introduction To Internet

So Internet is a computer based World Wide information sharing platforms which is connected to a network For example WAN (Wide Area Network). An Internet Is composed of a large number of small interconnected computer networks.

These Computer Network may be connected with hundreds or thousands of computer network.  That enables them to share information with each other by various resources such as Powerful Super Computer and database (database is the collection of data) of information.

Well Internet made it possible for all people to all over the world to effectively and inexpensive communication to each other. Unlikely Weather it is broadcasting media, such as radio and TV. Now a days each and every one connected through internet they are publishing their idea, selling their product online with minimum overhead cost.

History Of Internet

Before we going to the topic of History Of Internet Let’s revised once again that internet is I a computer which is based on a World Wide communication system or a network that is composed of the connection of networks of networks (Interconnected networks).

So If We Talked about History Of Internet It was first proposed in 1969, when U.S  Department Of Defense has sponsored a project with name ARPANET (the full form of ARPANET is Advance Research Projects Agency NETwork).

Or In Mid 80’s an another federal agency the NSF National Science Foundation has created a new another high-capacity of network which is called or known as NSFnet, Which Was More reliable than the ARPANET.

But the ARPANET was shut down in 1990, and then the government funding for NSFnet they discontinued in 1995. & then the new commercial internet service over came into public domain which is still continued and hence we are still using the internet service now.

Advantage and Disadvantage Of Internet

So First Of all here we talked about Advantage of internet and then move on to disadvantage of internet.

  1. Access the information and reduce the research times.
  2. Can communicate easily to one and another.
  3. Enables to reach all over the world and get information quickly.
  4. Provide Valuable resources for companies to advertise and raise your business.

Disadvantage Of Internet

  1. Cyber Frauds may take place involving Credit/Debit Cards Details and Number.
  2. Computer Virus get download and spread to the computer connected to the networks.
  3. Message sent across to the internet can easily open or abuse by others.
  4. While Coming Online one of the big risks of malicious virus and hackers which can command on your system or damage file, etc.
  5. Some Of the information are available on internet is not checked Or they may be incorrect & irrelevant.

World Wide Web (WWW)

So From the late  1960s to 1960s, the internet was used almost all over the world for the communication & Military Purpose. But now it changed widely and overcome to introduce the World Wide Web (WWW) or in short Web.

The definition of WWW is  World Wide Web is a set of programs, standards, or a protocols which allow to display multimedia or hypertext files to be created, display and linked On Internet For Use.

Note: WWW (World Wide Web Was Proposed between the 1989 – 19991 by Time Berners-Lee ) and WWW became reality with invention of HTML and text browser in 1990.

Difference between WWW and Internet

Most Of the people think WWW is Internet but it is not True.

It Is a large part of internet is “World Wide Web” (WWW) This is made up of website that have one or more interconnected of pages (Linked With One & Another). And  hence WWW is A Part Of Internet that we probably use most of the time.

But internet is not just the web page that we see every day

It Is Also Consists Of :

Forums Where people ask their Topics and get answer about their topics or clear their doubts.

Research database these are used by the university, organization or any large company.

USENET – these are the discussion groups about specific topics or subject for example Quora, LinkedIn, Reedit,  etc.

Email or Instant Messaging Systems Like Face book, Telegram, Whatsapp, etc.

Note: While Internet is a collection of computer or networking device connected with each other Hence WWW is the collection of document linked via special links which is called Hyperlinks. WWW forms a large part of internet but remember it is not the internet.

Internet Terminology

So before we preceding the details, it will be good to briefly talked about the whole internet terminology. Which I have mentioned bellows and were introducing some of the basic ideology related to internet.

Client: Any computer on the networks that requests services from another computer on the Internet.

Server: computers that receives requests from client computers or processes & send the Output to the Web Servers respond to web related request. There can be other types of servers to handle different type of requests/actions.

Web page:  Any digital page/document hosted on Internet (i.e., accessible via Internet.)

Web Site: A collection of interconnected web pages, designed with a certain goal in mind.

Web Portal: A web site or service that offers a broad array of resources such as e-mail, forums, search-engines among others, e.g., sites like MSN, Yahoo, India times etc

Web Browser is a program or software on a client computer, which retrieves the information available from the website.

Examples are: Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Fire Fox, Netscape, Mosaic, Opera, Safari, Lynx etc.

URL: Uniform Resource Locator It is the unique address of a web page on Internet.

Blog: A blog is a web page that share in a public domain that can be accessible on the basis of personal, journal for an individual. Or In Other Words A blog is a Web Site Where Author of The Website can publish their content.

Blogger: The author of a blog is called blogger. A blogger is the one who regularly writes and updates entries in his/her blog.

Blogging: The action of writing blog is called blogging.

Newsgroup: Newsgroups are Internet discussion forums where groups of users with common interests gather to discuss on a common topic of interest.

Email: Short for electronic mail, email refers to messages distributed by electronic means from one computer user to one or more recipients via a network mostly Internet.

Email Address: Every email has a unique electronic post-office-box with a unique address on a network where e-mail can be sent; this unique address is known as email address. Each email address has three sections. Let’s look at the example below

  1. [email protected]

Here info is the username

@ is the symbol of at

and tayarijeetki.com is host name

What Is Web Server?

A Web Server is the Online Computer Based Server that is used to stores website on the internet and provide web page to the visitors as request upon the website. A Web Server Is also known as WWW Server.

Web Server are usually a programs or bots that wait for requests from the web browser. Like Web Server are: Apache, IIS, nginx, GWS, AWS, etc.

What Is The Difference Between a Server or a Web Server?

Server

Server is a computer that has a server software  loaded on it.

Main Jobs Of the Server is to share the resources of the client.

There are many different types of server such as file server or a mail server or a web server, etc

Web Server

A Web Server Is a specific  protocols types of server that only looking for HTTP request instead of many different type of resources and request.

Web Server are computer that delivers web pages in terms of web pages or HTTP Request.

For example if you type www.tayarijeetki.com this send a request to the web server whose domain name is tayarijeetki.com and then it fetch the page and send it to the browser.

List Of Service Provided by a Server

  1. Centralized File Saving Saving for Data Sharing
  2. Centralized Virus Scanning
  3. Equipment / Resource Sharing
  4. Centralized Backups

List Of Service Provided be Web Server

  1. Serving Web Page Using HTTP
  2. Running Gateway Program (CGI) Or Returning Output
  3. Controlling Access to the Server Used For Submitting Web Forms and Uploading Files.
  4. Monitoring & Logging All Access
  5. Server Side Scripting

How Server are different from Desktop Computers

So the Answer is Server is also a computer but they have specific features. Server tends to different from average computer system and the Server are different from desktop computer in many forms like:

  1. Memory
  2. Storage
  3. Processing Speed
  4. Drives
  5. Connectivity, etc

What is Web Site ? and their types.

A Web Site is a collection of interconnected web pages which are digital files and it is usually written in HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language).

Or In Other Words A Web Site is a group of related web pages hosted on a web server and linked with other pages which shows information as requested.

Web Site Component

  1. Web Host
  2. Address
  3. Homepage
  4. Design
  5. Content
  6. Navigation gesture

What is the difference between website or Web Portal

What Is Web Page ?

A Web Page  is a organized document that are linked to the  WWW and viewable by anyone via connected to the internet having browser. A Web Page Contain Such type of information like text, color, graphics, animation, video and sound, etc.

What Does a Web Page Contain? (Component Of Web Page)

This is classified into two category which is

  1. Content Wise
  2. Structure Wise

Well If We Talked about Content Wise Components of a web pages like: Hypertext or Hyper Links

Hyper Text Refers To the digital text like

  1. Text
  2. Images
  3. Graphics
  4. Video
  5. Hyperlinks
  6. Sound

Structure Wise

  1. Page Title
  2. Header
  3. Body of web page
  4. Navigation items
  5. Footer

Type Of Website

There are only two types of web site which is (i) Static Website (ii) Dynamic Website

What is Static Website?

Static Website: The Content of the static website is cannot be changed once it published on the web page. It means once you published the content on static website remains unchanged or remains the same every time when user visit to the website. The static content is written via HTML Code on a Web Page.

Advantage of Static Website
  1. Static Website Can Load Fast.
  2. When It Come To The Resource It Use Minimum Resource.
  3. It Does Not Require Any Code To Execute Or Any Data Base To Access.
  4. Hence It Is Compatible With Every Type Of Web Server.
Disadvantage of Static Website
  1. When We Have To Change In Content We Need To Change Its Code.
  2. Then The Viewers Can See The Updated Or Change Content To The Same Website.
  3. It Cannot Display Differently To Different Viewers, Depending On Their Login Status.

What Is Dynamic Web Site?

Dynamic Website: Mainly The content of the dynamic website can be change time to time as per the requirement or in other words the content or the scripts if the dynamic can be changed whenever you want to change for example news web site, any blog website, tayari jeet ki is also a dynamic website where we changed the content or update the content time to time.

Advantage Of Dynamic Website
  1. Pages or content of dynamic website can change too quickly or easily.
  2. Pages of dynamic website can display viewer specific content.
  3. For example user profile/home page of any website that you visit.
  4. Pages of dynamic website can be show vary to the user like different user want to see different content of the same website at a equal time.
Disadvantage of Dynamic Website
  1. Dynamic Website Can Consume More Resources As Compared To Statics Website.
  2. Which Result In Slower Loading Than Static Pages.
  3. Require More Security Features Than Static Pages.
  4. Due to Heavy load it may result in crash of website.

What is Web Browser?

A web browser is a program that lets you visit to the different site on the net and display their content to your own device Or In other words when you try to browser information specially browsers are intended to let you access resources on World Wide Web.

There are many web browser available on internet for different device (PC Desktop, iOS, Android) Like:

  1. Google Chrome
  2. Internet Explore
  3. Opera Browser
  4. Netscape
  5. Mosaic
  6. Safari, etc.

But only the few of them are used everywhere.

Note: MOSAIC is the first browser which was developed by NCSA – National Centre For Supercomputing Application.

What Is a Blog?

Blog: A blog is a kind of website the “blog” is the shortest form of “weblog” – a dairy or journal on the web. The owner of the blog writes a blog and hence it is called blogger or author of the blog.

The activity of uploading content or publishing content for blog is known as blogging.

Type Of Blogs:

  1. Personal Blogs
  2. News Blog
  3. Company Blogs
  4. Micro Blogs

Advantage and disadvantage of blog

 

URLs/Web Address

A location on Internet server is called a URL Whose Full Name Is Uniform Recourse Locator.

For Example the website of Tayari Jeet ki Has an Address or URL Called http://www.tayarijeetki.com

So The Structure of world wide web is built on a set of rules called Hyper Text Markup Language (HTTP) and a page description is called Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) or HTTP Use Internet address in a special format called Uniform Resource Locator (URL).

Define The Terms Of Protocols.

Protocols: A protocols is a system of rules that defines how something is to be done.  In Other words a protocol is usually a method for transmitting data and establishes a communication between different devices.

What Is News Groups?

A newsgroup is an online community where user can post the message or respond to the other posted message, or just read the groups related message are known as threads….

The Online worldwide conversation is also called usenet.

News Groups Are Also Known As Clubs or bulletin boards or message groups at a time.

What Is HTML?

Now a day World Wide is an existing new medium, for sharing information, images, advertise online on daily basis everything that we see on internet is document written in a special language called HTML Whose Full Form Is Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTML Was Proposed by the Tim Berners-Lee in 1990s

Hypertext

Hypertext is a special type of text that contains links to other text it is just the way to operate a web, You Find many links on this page, by clicking which jumps to other pages or website.

Markup

Markup is refers to special symbols or instructions indicating the format, style structure, for digital document or web pages.

Markup Language

Markup Language is the set of standards to create an appropriate markup scheme for digital document such as web page.

For More Details About HTML Click Here To Read…

And  Now On the basis of above topic we have given a MCQs | Objective Type Of Question  So Please Read Or Check Your Knowledge and answer the remaining question in the last bellow in the comment box.

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Objective Type Question

1 Internet is work of_____________

  1. Networks
  2. Human
  3. Workers
  4. None Of These

2  Initially Internet was used for______________

  1. Medicine
  2. Military Intelligence
  3. Communication
  4. All Of These

3 What Is Not Needed For Running Internet?

  1. Modem
  2. Telephone Lines
  3. Printer
  4. None Of These

4 The First Page That You See On The Website is called______

  1. First Page
  2. Home Page
  3. Web Page
  4. None Of These

5 The browser allows You to Search & Log On To_______________

  1. Websites
  2. Hard Disk
  3. Modem
  4. All Of These

6 HTML Language Is Used For_____________

  1. Creating Website
  2. Running CD
  3. Displaying Windows
  4. None Of These

7 Which Of Following, A Domain Name does not have ?

  1. Country
  2. Computer ID
  3. Serial Number
  4. All Of These

8 A_____________ is set of communication rules for exchanging information ot the internet

  1. Protocol
  2. Email
  3. URL
  4. Pornography

9 WWW Stands For________

  1. World Wide Web
  2. Word Wide Web
  3. World Way Web
  4. Web World Wide

10 TCP/IP Stands For_____

  1. Transmission Control Product/Internet Protocol
  2. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
  3. Transmission Control Product/Internet Product
  4. None Of These

11 The Website is a collection of______

  1. HTML Documents
  2. Graphics Files
  3. Audio & Video Files
  4. All The Above

12  The Full Form Of ARPANET is__________

  1. Advance Real Projects Air Network
  2. Advance Research Preparation Agency Network
  3. Advance Recruitment Process Agency Network
  4. Advance Research Projects Agency Network

13 In 1990s, Internet Was Found by Combining:

  1. WWW, GPS & Other Private Networks
  2. ARPANET, NSF net & Other Private Networks
  3. ARPANET, NSF net & Other Public Networks
  4. ARPANET, GPS & NSF net

14 The First Page That You Normally View At A Website is its:

  1. Home Page
  2. Master Page
  3. First Page
  4. Banner Page.

15 When You Visit a website, it will open the page set as__________ of the website?

  1. Website
  2. Home page
  3. Email
  4. IPS

16 The First Page On A Web Site That Allows You To Navigate To Other Pages Via Menu System Or Links, is Known as__________

  1. Front Page
  2. The Primary Page
  3. Home Page
  4. First Page
  5. Main Page

17 Web Pages On a Sites Are Linked together through a system of

  1. Text
  2. Graphics
  3. Hyperlinks
  4. Email

18 Online Personal Journal Where one can post her entries of which  others can post comments is Called________

  1. A Blog
  2. A News Grouped
  3. Websites
  4. None Of These

19 Which Of The Following  Protocols Is used for WWW,

  1. FTP
  2. HTTP
  3. W3C
  4. None Of These

20 The___________ are the document s that used http.

  1. Text Page
  2. Home Page
  3. Web Page
  4. Main Page

21 Which Protocols Is Used On Most URL Addresses?

  1. HTML
  2. HTP
  3. HTTP
  4. HLINK

22 URL Stands For_______________

  1. Universal Resource Locator
  2. Uniform Resource Location
  3. Universal Resource Locator
  4. None Of The Above

23 which of these Is not a part of URL?

  1. IP Address
  2. PORT Number
  3. Domain Name
  4. None Of These

24 Which Portion Of the URL Bellow Records The Directory Or Folder of The Desired Resourse? https://www.somestore.com/firstfloor/shoses.htm

  1. HTTP
  2. First Floor
  3. htm
  4. www.Somestore.com

25 The address of the location of the document on the world wide web is called its_______

  1. HTML
  2. URL
  3. HTTP
  4. HTP

26 In URL, http://www.demo.com/pr/main.htm, Which of the Component are Identifies the protocols or the type of the server?

  1. HTTP
  2. demo.com
  3. /pr/main.htm
  4. None Of These

27 In URL, http://www.demotoy.com/pr/main.htm, Which Component Identifies the path of a webpage?

  1. HTTP
  2. demotoy.com
  3. /pr/main.htm
  4. None

28 __________ are the sets of rules which are there form using the networks

  1. Web Page
  2. Internet Product
  3. Protocols
  4. ARPANET

29 A Web Page refers to documents on the___________

  1. Web Server
  2. Web Browser
  3. Web
  4. None Of These

30 Language Used for designing and preparing the website______

  1. HTTP
  2. URL
  3. HTML
  4. IP

31 FTP is a short form of ____________

  1. File Transfer Product
  2. File To Product
  3. File Transfer Protocol
  4. None Of These

32. Other Than Your Computer The Other Computer Is Called_______

  1. Host
  2. Remote Host
  3. Other Host
  4. None Of These

33. Telnet is ____________

  1. Telephone Which Connect To Net
  2. A Service Connecting To The Net
  3. Network Service Provider
  4. None Of These

34. Telnet The Client Computer Is Called_________

  1. Local
  2. Node
  3. Remote
  4. None Of These

35. SSH Is___________

  1. A Secure Remote Login  Protocol
  2. An Unsecured Remote Login Protocol
  3. A Simple Shell Protocol
  4. None Of These

36. Which Of The Following Is Not Search Engine?

  1. Yahoo!
  2. Internet Explorer
  3. Lycos
  4. None Of These

37.Email Address Always Has

  1. [email protected]
  2. B.%
  3. C.*
  4. None Of These

38. Various Groups Of Topic Is Used Net Are Called

  1. Blogs
  2. News Groups
  3. Twitters
  4. None Of These

39. A Conference Between Two Or More Participant At Different Sites By Using Computer Networks To Transmit Audio And Video Data Is Called

  1. Video Watching
  2. Video Conferencing
  3. Video Talking
  4. None Of These

40. For Sending And Receiving You Click At

  1. Send/Receive Button
  2. Send Button
  3. Receive Button
  4. None Of These

41. E-learning Means

  1. Learning Through Technology
  2. Online Learning
  3. Web Based Training
  4. All Of These

42. Purchasing Products or Services Directly from a seller cover the internet using the web browser is called

  1. E-Commerce
  2. E-Shopping
  3. E-buying
  4. None Of these

43. E- reservation is the process of making reservations of_______

  1. Tickets Of Railway
  2. Hotels Rooms
  3. Tourist Package
  4. All Of These

44._________ is the application of information technology to the process of government functioning.

  1. E-Shopping
  2. E-Learning
  3. E-Governance
  4. None Of These

45. Which Of the following is not one of the four components of a URL

  1. Web Protocol
  2. Name Of The Web Server
  3. Web Processing
  4. name of the directory on the web server

46. GSM stands for ________________

  1. general system of mobile computation
  2. general system of mobile communication
  3. global system of mobile communication
  4. none of these

47. Code- division multiple access uses

  1. spread spectrum techniques
  2. a variation of time division multiple access
  3. combination of both above techniques
  4. none of these

48. GPRS stands for ___________

  1. global packet radio service
  2. general protocol radio service
  3. general packet radio service
  4. none of these

49. First generation wireless technology originated during the

  1. 1982s
  2. 1998s
  3. 1985s
  4. 1980s

50. Fourth generation wireless technology is capable of providing

  1. 50 Mbps – 100 Mbps
  2. 100 Mbps – 1Gbps
  3. 50 kbps – 500 Mbps
  4. None Of These

👉यह भी पढे Part 3: Introduction To Computer | Computer Memory & Storage

👉यह भी पढे Part 2: What is Output Device And Input Device In Hindi

👉यह भी पढे: Introduction to Computer In Hindi

👉यह भी पढे: Introduction To Computer | Computer Memory & Storage

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👉Also Read: Ccc Exam Ki Taiyari Kaise Kre

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